1.What is a cognitive psychology?
It is the approach that concentrates on the thought process as well as other internal processes of the mind such as memory in evaluating the behavior of an individual. The cognitive approach has not been in practice for long as compared to other psychological approaches (Psychologist). It focuses on how the human brain obtains, process and accumulate info and how this processes eventually determine the behavior of a person. The development of this approach was greatly influenced by the dissatisfaction psychologists had with the other methods and more importantly the behavioral approach, which never concentrated internal processes that led to the existence of given behavior. It was mainly concerned with the observable characteristics and less interested in the causes of this behaviors, while this approach’s primary concern is the reasons for this responses which are triggered by the brain. I believe it is a more reliable approach as compared to the others as it mainly uses scientific methods which tend to give more facts about a given behavior as compared to self-examination. The acknowledgment of the various existing internal processes of the mind makes it even more credible as an approach that evaluates how people behave as compared to the others methods which tend to be more speculative.
2. Comparison of other approaches.
The Humanistic approach gives more importance on how different people behave as compared to each other. It tries to dispute the generalization by the cognitive method, where people’s behavior tends to be given general explanation not putting into consideration the fact that every individual behaves in their unique way. Nonetheless, cognitive psychology appreciates the fact that there is a thought process that brings about the varying moods and behavior that people can experience and how they control our response to various circumstances. Behaviorism is another approach used to study people’s behavior, where it mainly observes the how the human beings act (Behaviorism). The cognitive method came into existence as a way to counter or improve on what were believed to be the shortcomings of the behavioral approach. It gave more importance to the process that led to these actions rather than focus mainly on the observations that behaviorism believes are as a result of environmental stimuli, while in cognitive psychology views it as a process of the mind. They, however, tend to mostly make an assumption on the various mechanisms that are key to either of the two methods. The biological approach, on the other hand, focuses on the behavior of humans as influenced by various biological aspects. It concentrates on behavior being determined by genetics, anatomy as well as hormones. It, however, helps the cognitive method comprehend the various biological processes that are involved in the mental processes that influence behavior, which is the primary concern in cognitive psychology.
3. Everyday examples of cognitive psychology and areas of application.
Cognitive psychology is applied in therapy, education, social psychology as well as in new areas where its application is being studied on how best to use to it with artificial intelligence being one of the keys areas being considered. In therapy, the cognitive approach is used to assist in understanding the emotions of an individual by first being able to get to know their stream of thoughts. It aims at identifying this thought and trying to replace them with others that can improve the way an individual reacts to certain issues and in the process act as a very valuable tool in therapy. Educational psychology is another are where cognitive psychology is extensively applied. It is used in self-monitoring, where the students are expected to assess their individual knowledge and how they can use it in areas where it is needed in their lives. It also assists in getting to know how to teach various subjects in a way that it is easier for the students to store in their memory easily. It hence is very crucial in evaluating the skills and knowledge passed to students in educational psychology as well as how this knowledge is easily retained and applied in the relevant areas of their lives. Cognitive psychology continues to be studied on how best it can be applied in our daily lives by exploiting the incredible capabilities that our brains are believed to have.
4) Why do we need cognitive psychologists?
Cognitive psychologists are people who play key roles in our lives. They are needed for various purposes, varying from therapy to help people change their behavior through their thought process to being used in coming up with the various ways in which different teaching materials can be taught and effectively understood by students. However, they are mainly contacted to assist people with mental instabilities, language difficulties, how to effectively use our memory as well as how we view various aspects of our lives and how they influence how we behave or react to them.
Behaviorism,. “Behaviorism Vs. Cognitivism”. Ways of Knowing. Web. 30 Nov. 2016.
Psychologist,. “How The Cognitive Approach Explains How We Think And Behave”. Psychologistworld.com. N.p., 2016. Web. 30 Nov. 2016.