Immigration has been a common trend in many countries where they move from one nation to another. The individuals who move from one country to another are called the immigrants. The notion immigration gained its prominence in the 17th century where many groups of people started moving to the United States for various reasons. This essay seeks to define immigration, explain the top five nations that are crowded with immigrants, the grounds of immigration, the advantages and disadvantages of immigration, and how immigrants affect the society.
Immigration is defined as an activity in which people from different nations leave their ancestral lands and relocate to foreign countries in search for job opportunities, education opportunities or just for leisure.
The United States is the leading nation the highest number of immigrants. According to Data collected by United States Department of Economic and Social affairs, United States has 46.6 million immigrants, and that amounts to 14.5% of America’s population. The data indicated that when the United States is compared with other countries, it has four times as many immigrants as those of any other country. After the United States, the country that follows is Germany with 12 million immigrants accounting for 14.9% of the total population. The main reasons why the immigrants are fond of going to Germany are good education system and infrastructure. Russia ranks number three with 11.6 immigrants (Top 5 Countries with The Most Immigrants – Citizenpath n.p). However, the number of immigrants going to the country has significantly decreased. Saudi Arabia ranks number four with 10.2 million immigrants hence making 32.3% of the total population in the country. The last county that holds the 5th position is the United Kingdom that has 8.5 million immigrants.
One and the most important reason why people leave their country to foreign nations is to search for education opportunities. Countries such as the United States provide high-quality education, and as a result of that, individuals move to that country to search for better education opportunities. The other reason why people move to foreign lands is due to economic reasons. Due to poverty in some countries, individuals may immigrate to other countries and look for better pastures. The last reason why people may immigrate to another country is to look for better employment opportunities. For instance, many Mexico Millennials have been leaving their countries in search for better job opportunities in the United States. Other reasons for immigration include political reasons, adventure, and search for improved living standards.
Pros of Immigration
- Boosts economic growth
Immigrants usually have a positive effect on an economy of a country. For nations to grow, immigrations play a significant role. Immigrants often provide cheap labor to many companies at low costs. An example of a nation that has developed due to the impact of immigrants is the United States. The immigrants are known to assume low wage job positions that many American citizens reject (Portes 11-12). Many health professionals who are currently in America are from countries such as China and India. These individuals help America in bringing new skills to the country. Companies such as Yahoo, Google and Nvidia were brought into being by immigrants, and they have boosted the overall economy of the country.
- Cultural diversity
Apart from economic growth, immigration leads to cultural diversity. A country that has immigrants usually has people from different cultures (Portes 11-12). Therefore, countries that embrace cultural diversity tends to have added advantage as opposed to those which do not because they it increases a country’s reputation. It becomes easier for a country that has embraces cultural diversity to trade with other nations due to the good reputation.
- Skilled workforces
Many immigrants go to foreign nations to look for job opportunities meaning that they offer skills that may be absent among the citizens of the host country and this brings more benefits to the counter. For instance, if a country does not have enough health specialists, influx of more health professionals will have a positive impact on the healthcare sector of that particular country (Portes 11-12).
Cons of the Immigration
- Language barrier
When immigrants are hired in many businesses, they often present a challenge when carrying out businesses. For instance, when an immigrant who speaks with an accent or lacks a good command of English is hired in a particular organization, communication with customers becomes difficult. Thus, companies may face challenges in liaising with other business entities. Companies may be forced to pay for language training of such workers (Portes 11-12).
Immigrants may take away jobs from citizens because they provide cheap labor. As a result of that, the native citizens may be left jobless. Some other immigrants go to foreign nations thinking that they will get better employment opportunities in the foreign countries. However, these individuals may get frustrated when they do not get employed, and at the end of the day, they return to their native countries empty handed.
Overall, immigrants have a positive impact on communities both politically, economically, and culturally. For instance, they bring new cultures to society because immigrants come from different cultures. For the political aspect, immigrants play a vital role in the presidential elections as they vote for a candidate who they count on to get their rights in the foreign nations. Economically, immigrants provide labor to companies (Portes 11-12).
In summary, the main reasons why people move to foreign countries are to look for job opportunities, education opportunities, escape poverty, or for adventure. Therefore, the immigrants are of great benefit to the host country because they provide cheap labor hence boosting economic growth, provide a skilled workforce, and also enhance cultural diversity. However, immigration has its limitations on that it may lead to unemployment and language barriers. Nevertheless, the advantages of immigration outweigh the disadvantages.
“Top 5 Countries With The Most Immigrants – Citizenpath”. Citizenpath. N.P., 2016. Web. 29 Nov. 2016.
Portes, A. (1995). The economic sociology of immigration. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 29, 11-12.